This is a bible class on the “Peace offering” prepared as a talk at a study group in a series on the offerings in Leviticus… reproduced here in the hope that it will be useful to others.
“A virtuous Woman is a crown crown to her husband” (Prov 12:4)
In summary, the “virtuous” woman represents the multitudinous people taken by the Messiah in marriage as his queen. Those who will with Yashua as he reigns from Zion, from the throne of his father David.
Our subject is taken from proverbs 31. We do not have enough time to look at every verse in detail, that would require many evenings as we shall see. So we will have to suffice with a more thematic approach, just brushing the surface. My aim is to wet your appetite for further personal study. Continue reading
This has been adapted from a bible-class talk and posted here that all may benefit from the study. Please contact me with any thoughts…
Our subject is Bet-Lechem בת-לחם – the house of bread – which in summary symbolises the Ecclesial household of faith throughout every age. Together, we will trace this symbol throughout scripture: from it’s roots to the prophetic climax yet to be fully realised. From the calling of a people for his name, to the exalting of David, the beloved over his brethren and sisters to stand before Yahweh. His multitudinous loaf body, broken and spread abroad, that all nations may cause themselves to be blessed in the eating of it, and the Glory of Yahweh fills the earth in those who manifest his character. This is an overwhelmingly beautiful subject, far more extensive than we could possibly do justice in this short study. Continue reading
The last post we looked at Yashua as the true high priest, and showed from scripture that this vision has historical and future aspects. This time we will look more into the details of the prophecy and the wonderful vision of the throne.
The exalting of the righteous
Now lets go back to Isaiah 6 and look at some of the details, specifically the throne.
Isa 6:1 In the year that king Uzziah died I saw also the Lord (Adonay) sitting upon a throne, high (ram רם) and lifted up (nasa נשא), and his train filled the temple.
The word “high” here is ram רם, it is found in the name av’ram אברם, exalted father whose seed will also be exalted. This links the lord of the throne to the fulfilment of the Abrahamic promises and many of the prophecies of old. One example is Numbers 24:7, we start in verse 5 for context:
Num 24:5 How goodly are thy tents, O Jacob (the overcomer), and thy tabernacles, O Israel (Prince with Ail)!
6 As the valleys are they spread forth, as gardens by the river’s side, as the trees of lign aloes which Yahweh hath planted, and as cedar trees beside the waters.
Incidentally the word “Aloes” here is the the same as the word Elohim אלוהים or mighty ones, with two letters transposed, showing the identity of this symbol to be the saints. Psalm 1, they plant themselves on the living waters of the temple, soaking up the words of the Father.
Do we delight in soaking up the word, Brethren and Sisters? Do we thirst after it as a deer longing after refreshing waters, the gentle waters of Shiloach in the heat of this world?
Continuing in verse 7:
7 He shall pour the water out of his buckets, and his seed shall be in many waters, and his king shall be higher (ram רם) than Agag, and his kingdom shall be exalted (born up).
What is the nature of this exalting? We are told in the lovely words of Hannah’s prayer.
1 Sam 2:6 Yahweh killeth, and maketh alive: he bringeth down to the grave, and bringeth up.
7 Yahweh taketh away, and maketh rich: he bringeth low, and lifteth up (ram רם).
Hannah recognises the state of Israel and there reliance on Yahweh. He had indeed taken away the land and possessions of those around and given them to the children of Israel. They had followed the lies of Nimrod, sinking into all manor of vile worship, therefore Yahweh had removed them from the land. This is a great lesson to us, those who multiply there talents will be given of the inheritance of those who have not. If we neglect our estate, it will be taken from us and we will be “brought low”.
The word lifteth up is from our root word ram רם and is used of the resurrection and exalting of the meek of the earth.
1Sam 2.8 He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, and lifteth up (ram רם) the beggar from the dunghill, to set them among princes, and to make them inherit the throne of glory: for the pillars of the earth are Yahweh’s, and he hath set the world upon them. (also Psa 113:7-8)
The dust of the seed of Abraham will be raised from there sleep and gathered together a body prepared for the beloved (Heb 10:5). Those who do the works of Abraham will be quickened by the spirit dwelling within them (Rom 8:11). They are as the line Aloes, soaking up the word, upright in there actions and growing in the character of there father … that when there betrothed returns, they will see him as he is (1 John 3:2), and they shall be made like him, not just in mind but in alos in body. Not only that – “To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne” (Apoc 3:21). What a privilege …
bearing of the throne
Not only is our lord “high” or exalted as is typified in his father Abraham, he was also “lifted up” or born up. This is the word used of the priests shouldering of the alter, and bearing up the tabernacle as they followed the cloud. We find the same vision in Ezekiel chapter 10, where the throne is born up by the Cheruvim כרובים.
Psa 18:10 And he rode upon a cherub, and did fly: yea, he did fly upon the wings of … spirit.
Not only do the saints, the Cheruvim, bear up the throne, they are also filled with the spirit of Yahweh.
1 Sam 4:4 Yahweh which dwelleth
Notice the word “between”, found in italics in the AV, is not there in the Hebrew: not only is the throne born upon the Cheruvim, as the priests of old; his spirit inhabits the Cherubim themselves, his spirit fills them. If we are to be part of the Cheruvim, then we are filled with his spirit, driven by it. What drives us, where is our focus? Is it the lusts of our bodies … or the wisdom and character of the Father?
For the final part of the series click here.
After forty years of exiled — by his own people — Moses finds himself speaking faces to faces with the creator of the Universe. Only days ago the regional superpower (the Egyptian army) was buried under the waves of the red sea; washed up on the shores before them. Now he is shepherding a new nation — the people of Yahweh — under the guidance and protection of the glory in the cloud.
Now returning to the mount where Yahweh revealed his purpose from the midst of the bush, where they were to serve him (Exo 3:12). It is here were they would receive the law and the pattern of the tabernacle, the pattern of things in the heavens of the future age (Heb 8:5); and here where he pleads with Yahweh, “I beseech thee, cause me to see thy glory” (Exo 33:18). Moses wanted to understand Yahweh so that he can lead his people (:12-16)
Exo 34:4 – and Moses rose up early in the morning, and went up unto mount Sinai, as Yahweh had commanded him, and took in his hand the two tables of stone.
Notice how eager he was to see the visions of the Father! Yahweh has recorded a multitude of visions for us… are we trying to understand them with the same fervid zeal as Moses?
5 And Yahweh descended in the cloud, and stood with him there, and proclaimed the name of Yahweh.
6 And Yahweh passed by before him, and proclaimed, Yahweh, Yahweh Ail (powerful), merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth,
7 Keeping goodness for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children’s children, unto the third and to the fourth generation.
In Exodus 3, Yahweh explains the purpose of his name – that he will be manifest in a multitude. Now he explicitly declares his character, and also the character of the people he will raise up as his body!
Yahweh El — יהוה אל
First of all the proclamation starts with a double emphasis on the name — Yahweh, Yahweh El. So why the emphasis on “El”, the might or power? This is exactly what Moses associated with the name.
Exo 15:2 – Yah is my strength and song, and he is become my salvation: he is my El, and I will prepare him an habitation; my father’s Elohim (mighty-ones), and I will exalt him.
This is what Moses thought Yahweh was, and why Yahweh now labours the point in Exo 34:6. Yes Moses, I did destroy the power of Egypt and drown there army in the sea, but that’s not what my name is about Moses: mercy, grace, long suffering and abundance of goodness and truth! Yahweh does not have pleasure in the death of the wicked, but will by no means clear the guilty (Ezk 33:11).
In our series on the Name we saw the “what” of the name, here is the “how”. Yahweh explains what it is to manifest his name. And we plan on looking at each of these in detail.
The first characteristic is “mercy” in the AV. What does that really mean? We can look it up the English dictionary, but that would be pointless: we really need to know the meaning of the original word. In this case the lexicons are also lacking, supplying definitions such as “to love”… but again what does that mean? Few can define such a word.
I would usually look at the root word (the verb) and see where that is used, often there is an event that we can empathise with, or some context that brings the word to life. However in this case that doesn’t really help — this is the root! So in desperation I checked the noun hoping it makes something clearer; rechem רחם, a mothers womb! To have “mercy” on someone is to “womb” them: to nurture, to teach, to protect, provide everything that that person needs to grow. At this point tears were running down my cheeks.
At times the shear beauty of Hebrew still leaves me breathless…
The scriptures were not recorded to explain Nature; Nature was made to demonstrate scripture. The reason we have male and female, the reason we have parents and families, husbands and wives, children… is so that we may know Yahweh.
To follow this up further we could search through scripture to see where “mercy” is used elsewhere, to see many examples of how to be “merciful”. I would encourage you to do this search yourself, but due to time and space I’ll have to leave that to you for now.
Finally we look to ourselves, as we should do with all scripture. Do we show “mercy” — rachem רחם — to our brethren and sisters. We are doing if we are part of the Yahweh Elohim (1 John 5)! Furthermore we will also show the same loving care for the children of Israel; they will be taken once again as the “people” of Yahweh. And eventually all nations of the earth will become part of that body.
Note: I put “people” because the word does not simply mean a people as we know the word people, they never ceased to be the people of Yahweh, a people he created for himself. They did however cease, and will be restored again, as a “people”, am עם… but that’s another subject!
Next week, Yah willing, “grace”…
So far in part 1 we looked at why the Name is so important – we must know it to love it. Then in part 2 we delved into the etymology of the name as a normal Hebrew word, to find out what would have conveyed to the children of Israel… the answer is “Cause to breath!”. Then in part 3, we followed Yahweh’s explanation to Moses and see that the name Yahweh is the family name given to a multitude of Elohim (mighty ones).
The question is who is part of this family and what part can we have in this?
Breath of life
We have mentioned before that the Yahweh means “cause to breath!”. We plan to address the concept of “breath” in future word studies, for the moment we will draw attention to the beautiful link to the creating of man. Yahweh formed Adam’s body from the dust and he breathed life into him.
Why is his name?
Now having established, in part 2, the meaning of the name Yahweh… “Cause to breathe!”. What does this mean… do we not breathe already? Most of us have been doing this since we were born. So what does the spirit mean? This is the first commandment, to love Yahweh, and before we are able to truly keep it we need to understand the meaning of the name!
The children of Israel serving with hard labour there crule Egyptian taskmasters, preoccupied by their bondage in the “eternal” Egyptian Empire, would have been just as perplexed. And Moses, understanding his brethren and sisters, asks Yahweh how to respond to their questioning:
In the part 1 of this series we looked at why the name is so important to us, here we now look at exactly what the name is. The answer may be a surprise to you!
What is Yahweh our Elohim?
Names in Hebrew are words bearing meaning, just like any other word in the language. And while in a wider sense these names were conferred by their parents conveying their desires for their children. Every word of the scriptures is inspired by Yahweh. While not everything that has happened in the lives of the people of the Bible are relevant to the purpose of Yahweh, everything that has been recorded is providentially arranged. Every name mentioned in the scriptures is intended by the spirit to add meaning within the context of its recording.
What greater example of this than in the name of our heavenly Father, creator of heaven and earth?
Isa 42:8 I Yahweh: that is my name: and my glory will I not give to another, neither my praise to graven images.
For the first of our thematic studies we will be looking at the passage in Exodus 3. In order to introduce the subject, lets look at the words of our Lord in Matthew 22:
Mat 22:37 – Yashua(Jesus) said unto him, Thou shalt love Yahweh thy Elohim with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind.”
38 This is the FIRST and GREAT commandment.”
39 And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.”
40 On these two commandments hang ALL the law and the prophets.”
Our Lord tells us that ALL the law and the prophets hang on these two commandments. If we wish to understand what is in the Law and the prophets, then we FIRST need to understand these two commandments. Without this understanding the Law is just ritual and all the prophecies have no purpose. Furthermore, if we wish to be part of what is prophesied for the future then we must live these commandments. Have the name in our foreheads (Apoc 22:4).