Psalm 104 introduction (verses 1-9)

Bless Yahweh, O my Soul

Psalm 103 & 104 both open up with the same jubilant command, “Bless Yahweh, O my body!”. Notice who is speaking? from the title of the psalm we have already determined the answer …Christ! The body mentioned then must be his body. The body of Christ, which according to Colosians 1:24, is the Ecclesia-us brethren and sisters. But what does it mean when it says, “bless Yahweh!”?


As a Hebrew word Yahweh means “cause to be!”, “cause to breath!” (see previous article), …but what IS to be, or to breath? Please come with me to Exo 3, where we find Moses asks the same question:

Exo 3:13 And Moses said unto Elohim, Behold, when I come unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them, The Elohim of your fathers hath sent me unto you; and they shall say to me, WHY is his name? what shall I say unto them?

Notice, the question is better translated, “why is his name”? They already knew the name from the time of the garden, “And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten a man – Yahweh” (Gen 4:1). It is this knowledge that prompts the question; the response is:

14 And Elohim said unto Moses, I WILL BE whom I WILL BE: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I WILL BE hath sent me unto you.

Here the Father, who here calls himself “I WILL BE”, is explaining that through his name Yahweh – the call to “cause to be/to breath” – the recipients of that call would also become “I WILL BE’s”. A family of sons and daughters all with his character, all repeating his calling others… “cause to be/to breath”. To “cause to be!”, or to “cause to breath!”, is to help build up the Ecclessial body of Christ! And to “love Yahweh thy Elohim with all thine heart (focus), and with all thy body (actions), and with all thy might (energy)” is to love the calling of the gospel and to dedicate our lives to it.

Please come with me to Isa 41, where we find some more details:

Isa 41:4 Who hath wrought and done it, calling the generations from the beginning? I YAHWEH; the FIRST ONE, and the LAST ONES; I am HE.

So Yahweh is composed of a first one (Christ), and the last ones (his body), and they are described as one-flesh, HE.

Please come with me to Exo 6, briefly before we get back to Psa 104:

Exo 6:2 And Elohim spake unto Moses, and said unto him, I Yahweh (“let him cause to breath!” – think of the creation of Adam):
3 And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by El Shaday, but by my name Yahweh was I not EXPERIENCED by them.

Notice: it should not say “my name” El Shaday, the words are not there in the Hebrew-there is only one name – Yahweh!

The world had experienced El Shaday, which means mighty breast – the male and female breast – and it describes the father and mother characteristics of our Elohim. From the time of Abraham until now the seed was being built up, making a multitudinous people, a body. And now that body was experiencing the calling, Yahweh, which till then was known of, but not experienced.

4 And I have also established my covenant with them, to give them the land of Canaan, the land of their pilgrimage, wherein they were strangers.
5 And I have also heard the groaning of the children of Israel, whom the Egyptians keep in bondage; and I have remembered my covenant.
6 WHEREFORE say unto the children of Israel, I Yahweh (“let him cause to breath!”), and I am causing you to be brought out out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will rid you out of their bondage, and I will redeem you with a stretched out arm, and with great judgments:
7 And I will take you to me for A PEOPLE (a wife), and I will be to you Elohim: and ye shall know that I Yahweh your Elohim, which bringeth you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians.
8 And I will bring you in unto the land, concerning the which I did swear to give it to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob; and I will give it you for an heritage: I Yahweh.

Notice: the calling of the name Yahweh is a process: first bringing a body out of Egyptian bondage, then taking as a wife, bringing into the land. Fulfilling the promises to Abram. Coming back to Psa 104, where gaze into the future to a time when this process has been repeated once again. The gospel has gone out to the gentiles, the bride of Christ has been prepared and joined in marriage, and she has been brought from Sini into the land hand in hand with her husband, our beloved lord.

Brethren and sisters, in that day, as the body of Christ, we will “bless Yahweh”! For it is he who has formed us, and by him we have breath. The word “bless”, means to kneel down, and coming to Revelation 4 we see these exact same events in vision:

Rev 4:10 The four and twenty elders FALL DOWN before him that sat on the throne (Christ), and worship him that liveth for ever and ever, and cast their crowns before the throne, saying,
:11 Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honour and power: for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created.

Made great

Back to Psa 104 and the first verse:

Psa 104:1 Bless Yahweh, O my body. Yahweh my Elohim, thou hast made great; thou hast clothed with honour and majesty.

Rather than “are great”, this should be translated “thou hast made great” – though EVERY word, the spirit is drawing in context from other passages of scripture. This is drawing from the language of the promises to the fathers of old; the first occurrence of this word is in Gen 12.

Gen 12:2 And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing

3 And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed.

In Psa 104 this promise has been completed, Yahweh has “made great”, the body of Christ – Yahweh Elohim. They are “a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation.” (Ex 19:6), and through them all nations of the earth will cause themselves to be blessed! (Gen 26:4)

Clothed with honour and majesty

Moving on to “thou hast clothed (past tense) with honour and majesty”. The first time the Hebrew words for “honour and majesty” are used together is in I Chronicles 16, please come with me to Chapter 15 for context. It never ceases to amaze me how scripture just fits together.

Here David has made preparations for the return of the Ark back to Israel, to Jerusalem. And in these events we see Christ and his newly immortalised saints entering Jerusalem for the first time, verse 27:

1 Chr 15:27 And David (the beloved) was clothed with a robe of fine linen, and all the Levites that bare the ark, and the singers, and Chenaniah (Yah has established) the master of the song with the singers: David also had upon him an ephod of linen

David is playing out the role of Christ in this type, wearing the high priests garments,

:28 Thus all Israel brought up the ark of the covenant of Yahweh with shouting, and with sound of the cornet, and with trumpets, and with cymbals, making a noise with psalteries and harps.

Verse 29, David was “dancing and playing”. Brethren and sisters, how often do we sing and dance with joy for the hope set before us? This is all our hope and our desire… it should excite us to think on these things. In the words of David, “My heart bubbling over with good thought: I am speaking continually of the things which I have put together concerning the king: my tongue is the pen of an excited writer.” (Psa 45:1)

Chapter 16, David, Christ, sings a song of praise to Yahweh, and sets up the priesthood, it is at this location in time when the thoughts of Psa 104 take place. Half way through this jubilant song are our linking words,

:27 Glory and honour are before his faces (the faces of the Cherubim); strength and gladness are in his setting up (setting up of the kingdom).

What is this Glory and honour? Please come with me to Psa 149,

Psa 149:9 To execute upon them the judgment written: this honour have all his saints. Praise ye Yahweh.

The policies of this world are far from righteous. When Christ rules, his “saints” or “merciful ones” will be held in honour because they execute the righteous judgements of the laws of Christ. And by them the righteous of this world will be released from the oppression of the wicked. And the wicked will receive just recompense for all their actions, which may encourage some to turn from their ways.